The CIA World Factbook 2015

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Javascript must be enabled for the correct page display Library. Europe :: Greece Print. Page last updated on September 17, Flag Description. Europe :: Greece. Countries shown in this late winter satellite image of the southern Balkan Peninsula include Italy left center edge , Greece below center , and Turkey right edge.

North of Turkey are Bulgaria and Romania. Moving clockwise from top left are Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, and Albania. North of Albania is Montenegro and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Scattered fires appear as red dots. Image courtesy of NASA. Factbook photos - obtained from a variety of sources - are in the public domain and are copyright free. Agency Copyright Notice. This northwest-looking photo displays the rugged, mountainous landscape of Greece. Two major landform regions are captured in the photo - the northwest-southeast-trending Pindus Mtns. This rugged terrain caused the Greeks to become a seafaring people, second only to the Norwegians in Europe.

The capital of Athens lighter area is barely discernible along the southern edge of the broad peninsula near the eastern edge of the photograph. The Parthenon crowns the Acropolis in Athens. The Acropolis is a citadel on a flat, high, rocky outcrop m ft above sea level and is the highest point in Athens. It preserves a number of ancient structures.

Close up of the front of the Parthenon - the temple to ancient Athens' patron deity, Athena. Another view of the Parthenon on the Acropolis in Athens. Built in the 5th century B. Sculpted processional riders from the marble frieze of the Parthenon. View of the rear of the Parthenon on the Acropolis in Athens. The temple, dedicated to the goddess Athena, was built between and B. A view from the south of the Erechtheum temple on the Acropolis in Athens.

A close up of the Porch of the Caryatids also known as the Porch of the Maidens on the southern side of the Erechtheum temple on the Acropolis in Athens. Originally, columns supported this massive structure, which was begun in B. Construction began in B. Sixteen of the original Corinthian columns survive 15 standing, one fallen.

The Acropolis can be seen in the distance. Hadrian's Arch in downtown Athens was built in A.

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The CIA World Factbook 2015

The Parthenon and Acropolis can be seen in the left background. This area was used as the principal marketplace and agora by the Romans beginning in the 1st century A. It was a commercial and administrative center of the city until the 19th century.


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The Temple of Hephaestus in the Agora or ancient marketplace in Athens is the best preserved classical temple in Greece. It was dedicated to Hephaestus and Athena. The Agora was founded in the 6th century B. Between and the American School of Classical Studies reconstructed the building and converted it into a museum. The statues on display were once on temples in the marketplace.

The Lysikrates Monument in Athens. The Choragic Monument of Lysicrates was built in to B.

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It stands alongside an ancient street that once led to the Theater of Dionysus and was lined with choragic monuments. A choregos was a sponsor who paid for and supervised the training of dramatic dance choruses. The Lysikrates Monument is the only one still standing in part because it was incorporated within the walls of a Capuchin monastery in The National Bank of Greece old headquarters building in Athens.

The bank was founded in The marble City Hall building in Athens was constructed between and The National Archaeological Museum in Athens was established in ; the current museum building was completed in The museum has the richest collection in the world of Greek artifacts from antiquity. The Acropolis Museum in Athens opened in Its mission is to display every artifact found on or near the Acropolis from the Greek Bronze Age to Roman and Byzantine times.

It is still on occasion referred to as the Old Royal Palace. It has served as the home of the Greek parliament since The Presidential Palace in Athens was built between and as a royal palace.

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It was referred to as the New Royal Palace until the abolition of the monarchy in The building has been occupied by the president of Greece since that time. It was built over a pagan temple in about A. A statue of Melina Mercouri in downtown Athens. Mercouri was a world-famous actress who was active in the resistance movement against the military regime in the late s and early s.

Later, during the s and s, she served as Minister of Culture. She was born in Athens and was sometimes referred to as the last Greek goddess. This image includes many of the islands of the East Aegean as well as part of mainland Turkey.


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The largest modern city in the Aegean coast is Izmir, Turkey, situated about one quarter of the image length from the top. The city is the bright coastal area near the greenish waters of Izmir Bay and southeast of the roughly triangular-shaped island of Lesvos. The lengthy island at the bottom of the photo is Crete.

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North of Crete, the small broken ring of islands are the remnants of the collapsed caldera of Santorini Volcano. This view illustrates the center of Santorini Volcano, located approximately km 75 mi north of Crete in the Aegean Sea. One of the largest volcanic eruptions in the past 10, years occurred approximately B. The cataclysm created the present-day islands and caldera bay of Santorini Volcano.

The caldera rim is clearly visible in this image as a steep cliff forming the western shoreline of the island of Thera, the largest of the remnant islands. The white rooftops of cities and towns also help trace the caldera rim. The cliffs show the many layers of past volcanic eruptions.

In ancient times, the island was called "Thera. It was renamed "Thera" in the 19th century but is still commonly called "Santorini. Santorini Island is the southernmost of the Greek Cyclades. The cliffs show the many layers of volcanic eruptions over time. In the foreground is the island of Nea Kameni. In the background is the island of Therasia.

Panathinaiko Stadium in Athens was the site of the Olympic Games. The tablets on the right list the Olympic winners. A view of the Olympic Stadium in Athens. Constructed between and , it was renovated prior to the Olympic Games. The stadium's capacity is slightly over 71, The Olympic Stadium in Athens during the Olympic celebrations. The Acropolis, a flat-topped rock about five hectares in area, overlooks the sprawling city of Athens.

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Various famous ruins, including the Parthenon a temple to the goddess Athena , crown its heights. A view of the city of Athens from the Acropolis.


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